Monthly Release Volume 11/Issue 1 January 2006
"In 1982, an American
physician notified the Municipal Health Service
(MHS) in Amsterdam that eight American soldiers had
contracted hepatitis B during their stay in
Amsterdam. All these soldiers had visited the same
tattoo studio. A public health nurse from the MHS
department of infectious diseases made a site visit
where he noticed that the tattooist used extremely
unhygienic procedures. He had a bucket filled with
bloody water and a sponge, which were used to
'clean' the skin where the tattoo was to be applied.
He used the same needles on all clients, without any
cleaning in between. To test whether the needles
were still sharp, he touched them on the back of his
hand before he started tattooing clients.
In the same year, a survey carried out among all
tattoo studios in Amsterdam indicated that hygienic
conditions were universally bad. This finding,
together with the hepatitis B outbreak, supplied the
impetus to urgently set up local regulations for the
tattoo studios, working with one of the tattooists."
You won't get an answer but you should see your
results within a few days.