in tattoo and piercing are classed as "Sharps."
Contaminated Sharps refers to any SHARP item that has contacted blood or potentially hazardous substances that can penetrate the skin and therefore includes used tattoo and piercing needles. Un-used needles would not be considered "contaminated."
infection control refers to liquid human blood unless modified (it does not refer to
For tattoo and piercing, if liquid blood could be squeezed from a wipe it would be considered hazardous waste. Universal precautions refer to blood (fluid) and other bodily fluids, not mere wipes. If a bandage were squeezed and blood or semi-liquid blood was released, that would make the item Contaminated Waste requiring hazard waste disposal.
Exposed means a specific eye, mouth, mucous membrane, non-intact skin or parenteral (piercing the skin barrier) contact with blood. Exposures are serious requiring specific remedial action.
Contaminated refers to the presence or reasonably anticipated presence of blood or body fluids on an item or surface. "Cross-Contaminated" is usually used to refer to anything that has come into contact with something contaminated.
Leaning on a tattoo with unprotected forearm not only increases your risk of blood contact but can possibly cause your skin flora to infect the client.
Antiseptic creams and ointments are used to fight (existing or suspected) infections.
They are not considered nor used as protectants. Modern infection
healing is done systemically, not by the application of
Regulated waste refers to blood in a liquid or semi-liquid
form, dried blood or caked instruments.
Soap and Water Cleaning as compared to Cleaning with Disinfectant Cleaners produces no statistical difference in bio-burden levels on cleaned surfaces. The effectiveness of ingredients can be measured, but their effectiveness on a surface compared to simple cleaning is not demonstrated to be greater. There is cause to suspect the use of disinfectants as harmful to people and the environment. Disinfectants should be used judiciously and routinely changed.
Liquid sterilants, such as Cidex etc., have no place in tattoo nor piercing . Labels, which must be followed, usually state that it is a violation of Federal Law to use the products other than for their intended purpose. Often fumes must be ventilated for safety as well.
Air spray disinfectant rates have not been demonstrated.
Single Use or "disposable" labeling on any package means that it is not intended for re-use nor for use on more than one client.
Health Departments are responsible to protect the health of the population-based community. All Tattooists must protect the health of the community and the local health department is the primary source for community priorities relating to tattoo. Discussion with DOHs to influence appropriate regulations should be done in appreciation of their task and respect for their efforts.
All tattooists and piercers are required to follow DOH regulations.